DCNR-RS Welcome to the DCNR Ranger Supervisor practice written examination. You have 120 minutes to complete this exam. Any unanswered questions will be counted as incorrect answers. Bureau Years of Service 1. While on routine patrol on a Saturday afternoon in a day use area parking lot, you are flagged down by a female subject who reports that her ex-boyfriend has been sending her threatening text messages. She also reports that she has an active order of protection, including proof of service, prohibiting all forms of contact, filed in her state of residence, Maryland, and also in her ex-boyfriend's state of residence, Virginia. She has taken no other action on the order, in terms of any additional filings in other states. She shows you a copy of the Maryland court order and the threatening text messages. The ex-boyfriend's texts appear to show that he is sending the threatening messages from his residence, in Virginia. What is your most appropriate course of action?Advise the victim to obtain a temporary PFA in Pennsylvania when your county courthouse opens on MondayAdvise the victim to obtain an emergency temporary PFA in Pennsylvania immediatelyAdvise the victim to domesticate the court order by filing it with a prothonotary's office in PennsylvaniaAdvise the victim that she should report this incident to Maryland authorities and consider seeking a Pennsylvania order if she intends to routinely travel to PennsylvaniaAssume the out of state court order is valid and enforce it as if it were issued in Pennsylvania 2. Which of the following would be classified as demonstrative evidence?The weapon used during the commission of the crimeFingerprints found at the scene of the crimeOral testimony of a witness to the crimeA crime scene photoAll of the above 3. Selective attention questions are designed to test your ability to concentrate on a task without getting distracted by external stimuli. Law enforcement officers use this ability when sitting in a patrol car doing paperwork while the radio is on or while doing a security check when a lot of commotion is taking place. The following tasks are also relevant when trying to recall license plate numbers or when copying VIN or driver’s license numbers onto other documents. This question contains a set of letters, symbols and numbers. Please choose ONLY ONE option that contains the exact pattern of letters, symbols, numbers and spaces.X!! ηΕ∃∅Q∆ψYΛV5ScΘ%=\\ /48X! ηΕ∃∅Q∆ψYΛV5ScΘ%=\\ /48X!! ηΕ∃∅Q∆ψYΛV5ScΘ%= / \48X!! ηΕ∃∅Q∆ψYΛVS5cΘ%=\\ /48X!! ηΕ∃∅Q∆ψYΛV5ScΘ%=\\ /48None of the above 4. Selective attention questions are designed to test your ability to concentrate on a task without getting distracted by external stimuli. Law enforcement officers use this ability when sitting in a patrol car doing paperwork while the radio is on or while doing a security check when a lot of commotion is taking place. The following tasks are also relevant when trying to recall license plate numbers or when copying VIN or driver’s license numbers onto other documents. This question contains a set of letters, symbols and numbers. Please choose ONLY ONE option that contains the exact pattern of letters, symbols, numbers and spaces.ℜ≤%≥⊥T×((X(;±<+=≡sΕE∃Φ*/#ℜ≤%≥T⊥×((X(;±<+=≡sΕE∃Φ*/#ℜ≤%≥⊥T×((X(;±<+=≡s∃EΕΦ*/#ℜ≤%≥⊥T×((X(;±<+=≡sΕE∃Φ*/#ℜ≤%≥⊥T×( X(;±<+=≡sΕE∃Φ*/#None of the above 5. State park policy states that ranger vehicles at all parks shall be equipped with all of the following items except:Water rescue throw bagPersonal flotation deviceTraffic vestsBlanketsBackpack fire pump 6. State park policy suggests that each ranger patrol vehicle should be equipped with how many feet of rope?25 feet50 feet75 feet100 feet25 feet of utility rope and 50 feet of rescue rope 7. According to 6109.0500 - USE OF MEDICATIONS, state park rangers are permitted to use several medications for minor cuts and abrasions, bee stings, etc., as appropriate. Which of these medications is NOT currently approved for use?Isopropyl AlcoholZephiran ChlorideMerthiolateBetadineBacitracin 8. According to 6109.0700 - FIRST AID KITS, state park first aid kits are required to contain all of the following items except:4" kling bandages (self-adhesive gauze bandage)3" x 3" gauze pads4" x 4" gauze padsEyedressing padsTourniquet (for use as a triangular bandage) 9. According to 6109.0800 OXYGEN DELIVERY SYSTEM, State parks should maintain at least one oxygen delivery system that contains equipment necessary for the administration of oxygen if qualified personnel are on the state park staff. What amount of oxygen should be available?30 minute supply at a flow rate of 8 liters per minute30 minute supply at a flow rate of 3 liters per minute30 minute supply at a flow rate of 2 liters per minute20 minute supply at a flow rate of 10 liters per minute20 minute supply at a flow rate of 5 liters per minute20 minute supply at a flow rate of 3 liters per minute 10. According to Bureau of Forestry VPSD #24, when operating in state parks, forest rangers should take guidance/direction from:District foresterAssistant district foresterState park manager/assistant managerState park rangerThe most qualified person on scene 11. According to Bureau of Forestry VSPD #9, which of the following constitutes a minor reportable incident? Damage vandalism, and/or criminal mischief to any Commonwealth property causing a loss value of between ____ and ____, including cost to repair and otherwise do not constitute a misdemeanor or higher offense.$50 and $500$100 and $500$50 and $1000$100 and $2000$100 and $3000 12. While on routine patrol, Ranger Miller drives by his DF's residence, which is a Commonwealth owned building within Ranger Miller's forest district. Ranger Miller observes an apparent cookout in progress and notices that his DF is using a fire extinguisher to extinguish a small fire on his rear deck. The DF advised Ranger Miller that he used gasoline instead of starter fluid to light his charcoal, which dripped through the grill, onto the deck, but was immediately extinguished. Damage from the fire, which is limited to a small area of charred paint, is estimated to be $25-$50. According to Bureau of Forestry VPSD #9, what reporting, if any, is Ranger Miller required to do?Report the incident to his ranger supervisor by the end of his shiftWrite an incident report for a minor reportable incidentWrite an incident report for a major reportable incidentRecord the incident on his shift logSince there was no damage exceeding $50, there is no reporting required 13. Forest Ranger Smith gets dispatched to an ATV parking lot in her district for a report of an abandoned vehicle. Upon her arrival, Ranger Smith meets with the reporting party, who identifies the vehicle in question, which has been parked in the lot for about three days. According to Bureau of Forestry VSPD #8, the vehicle may be considered to be abandoned based on which of the following characteristics? It has been abandoned/unattended for more than ____ and _____.24 hours / does not display valid registration plate72 hours / does not display current inspection48 hours / has broken windows on all four doors48 hours / has flat tire72 hours / has no ascertainable VIN 14. Forest Ranger Richards is called to assist a disabled motorist who has locked herself out of her car at a trail head in her district. The car is unoccupied and is not blocking any part of the roadway, parking area, or access gates. According to Bureau of Forestry VSPD #16, which of the following actions may Ranger Richards not take:Transport the driver to the forest district office 10 miles away to call a locksmithAllow the driver to use her state cellphone to call her car dealership and ask them to bring her a duplicate keyUse her state radio to contact the district office to summon a tow truck for the driverHave the driver sign a liability form, then use an opening device to open the driver's doorTransport the driver to a park office 5 miles away to call a family member with a spare key 15. During archery and muzzleloading deer season (overlapping), you are on patrol and encounter four hunters exiting the woods. All four have archery licenses that appear to be valid. Hunter #1 is carrying a muzzleloading firearm, and also has a muzzleloader license and has approximately 300 square inches of fluorescent orange visible, between the head, chest, and back combined. Hunter #2 has a crossbow equipped with red dot sights and has 100 square inches of fluorescent orange visible on a vest that he is wearing. Hunter #3 has a long, recurve, compound bow with a draw weight of 25 LBS and is wearing 250 square inches of fluorescent orange between a vest and hat, and Hunter #4 has a firearm, a license to carry firearm permit, and the type of firearm authorized by the permit, and has approximately 250 square inches of fluorescent orange visible on a hat and coat combined. You have probable cause to arrest which of the four hunters?Hunter #1Hunter #2Hunter #3Hunter #4Hunters #2 and #4 16. A minimum of ___ square inches of fluorescent orange material (orange alert band) must be displayed within ___ feet of a blind and visible in a 360-degree arc during the firearms deer, bear and elk seasons. This is in addition to wearing orange while in the blind.250, 25250, 15250, 10100, 15100, 25 17. According to Title 34, § 2505, relating to Safety zones, it is unlawful for any person, other than the lawful occupant, while hunting game or wildlife, taking furbearers of any kind, or pursuing any other privilege granted by this title, to hunt for, take, trap, pursue, disturb or otherwise chase any game or wildlife or to discharge, for any reason, any firearm, arrow or other deadly weapon within or through a safety zone, or to shoot at any game or wildlife while it is within the safety zone without the specific advance permission of the lawful occupant thereof. As used in this section, a "safety zone" is _____ yards around and that area which is below the highest point of any occupied dwelling house, residence, or other building or camp occupied by human beings, except when applied to properly licensed persons hunting with bow and arrow or crossbow and persons properly licensed for falconry, in which case it is ____ around that area.250, 100500, 250500, 100150, 50200, 100 18. When hunting waterfowl and migratory game birds, the following arms and ammunition are approved for use: 1) Manual and semiautomatic shotguns no larger than ___ gauge with a capacity limited to no more than ___ shells in the chamber and magazine combined; 2) Long, recurve, compound bows and arrows; and crossbows.12, 312, 420, 410, 310,5 19. According to 58 Pa Code, § 141.18 , (relating to permitted devices), and § 141.6 (relating to illegal devices),which of the following devices may NOT be used to hunt or take wildlife:Firearms that use an electronic impulse to initiate discharge of ammunition.Electronic sound amplification devices that are incorporated into hearing protection devices and completely contained in or on the hunter’s ear.Electronic devices that generate and distribute ozone gas for scent control purposesElectronic rangefinders, including hand-held devices and those contained within a scope or archery sightUse a semi-automatic shotgun or magazine shotgun for coyotes or crows unless the shotgun is plugged to a three-shell capacity in the magazine 20. A Maryland resident primarily uses his motorized boat at a Pennsylvania state park lake. The boat does have a valid Maryland registration that expires in 92 days and is also used at several lakes in Maryland. How long does the boat's owner have to register the boat in Pennsylvania?30 days45 days60 days90 days92 daysAs long as the Maryland registration is renewed prior to expiration, no Pennsylvania registration is required. 21. Children ___ years of age and younger must wear a PFD while underway in any boat ____ feet or less in length and all canoes and kayaks on Commonwealth waters in Pennsylvania.16, 2414, 2415, 1612, 2014, 21 22. Boat operators of boats with greater than __ horsepower and born on or after _____ may not operate a boat unless they have obtained and have in their possession a boating safety education certificate.8 / Jan 1, 19805 / Jan 1, 19828 / Jan 1, 198320 / Jan 1, 198425 / Jan 1, 1982 23. Minnow traps shall have no more than ___ opening(s) that shall not exceed ___ inch(es) in diameter.1 / 22 / 12 / 22 / 31 / 3 24. You are assigned to investigate a single vehicle motor vehicle accident. Your investigation, with the assistance of the county coroner, has determined that an SUV was being operated by a male subject, who was the lone occupant of the vehicle, when the operator suffered a fatal heart attack, at which time the vehicle left the roadway, entered a day use area, and took out several picnic tables before ending up overturned in a creek. After notifying a tow truck to remove the vehicle from the scene, you return to your office to write your report. Which type of accident classification would you use to report this accident?Disabling damageFunctional damageProperty damage onlyNon-fatal injuryFatal injury 25. Which of the following statements regarding striation marks, as they apply to motor vehicle accident investigations, is NOT true?If properly interpreted, they may be used to determine direction of travelStudded tires on a skidding, sideslipping, or spinning wheel leave thin, parallel scratches or striation marksThey are frequently caused by tires that are rotating and sideslipping at the same timeThey are usually narrow, horizontal scratches caused by tire sideslipping and tire walls sliding on roadwayNone of these statements are true 26. Which of the following statements regarding acceleration marks, as they apply to motor vehicle accident investigations, is NOT true?They are caused by extreme acceleration of a motor vehicle that in turn, spins a drive wheelThe beginning is dark in the center with light side ridgesA clean tread for the full tire circumference is an indication the tire was spinning under accelerationTire tread rib marks are often visibleAll of the statements listed are true statements 27. You are investigating a motor vehicle accident and note that skid marks, with blank spaces between them, approximately 1 to 3 feet long, are present on the roadway. Because of this observation, you can report that you saw which type of skid mark?Offset skid marksSpin skid marksIntermittent or gap skid marksSkip skid marksInterrupted skid marks 28. What type of skid marks occur when an external force is applied to a vehicle in a direction other than in direct line with the center of mass?Scrub skid marksOffset skid marksCentripetal skid marksCentrifugal skid marksSpin skid marks 29. You are investigating a motor vehicle accident and note that skid marks, with blank spaces between them, approximately 1 to 3 feet long, are present on the roadway. Because of this observation, which of the following conclusions can you draw?The vehicle was transitioning between multiple skid types at this timeThe skid marks were caused by wheels bouncing on a roadwayThe skid marks were caused by wheels locking and then unlockingThe skid marks were caused by material on the roadway becoming dislodged from the tiresThe tires became locked or jammed during impact but subsequently were released 30. As it applies to motor vehicle accident investigations, which of the following is NOT true regarding pavement grinding?Studded tires will leave scratches or striationsCan occur on a wet or dry pavementResults in various types of scratches on the roadway surfaceMost often occurs on a cold or hard pavement surface before the tire has built up much heatAll of these statements are trueNone of these statements are true 31. As it relates to motor vehicle accident investigation, which of the following statements is NOT true regarding yaw marks?They establish that a vehicle was traveling too fast to negotiate a curveThey show the path a vehicle was traveling during the time it was sideslippingThey can be used to determine the vehicle's average speed through the length of the yawThey can be used to determine that a tire was sideslipping, but not rotating, as it attempted to negotiate a curveAll of these are true statements regarding yaw marks 32. You are assigned to investigate an automobile versus motorcycle crash are attempting to conduct a point of rest analysis for both vehicles. Why is this potentially important to your investigation?To determine damage caused by the initial impact versus damage caused after initial impactTo determine the first breaking point of both vehiclesTo determine the first harmful event of both vehiclesTo determine post crash speeds of both vehiclesTo determine direction of force applied between the two vehicles 33. Which of the following statements is NOT true regarding motorcycle speed analysis?Physical evidence is not of great importance if there are multiple witnesses and involved parties who can provide speed estimatesPhysical evidence or speeds provided by drivers following the motorcycle are your best sources of speed dataIf a car's speed exceeds that of a motorcycle that it impacts from behind, the rider may be ejected backwardsRear-end collisions typically require speeds of 20 MPH or higher to separate a rider from a motorcycleScrape marks can be treated mathematically the same way as skid marks 34. According to Rule 519 of the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, the arresting officer shall promptly release from custody a defendant who has been arrested without a warrant, rather than taking the defendant before the issuing authority, when certain conditions have been met. Which of the following conditions is not a requirement?The most serious offense charged is a misdemeanor of the second degree or a misdemeanor of the first degree in cases arising under 75 Pa.C.S. 3802The defendant poses no threat of immediate physical harm to any other person or to himself or herselfThe arresting officer has reasonable grounds to believe that the defendant will appear as requiredThe defendant is a resident of PennsylvaniaAll of these conditions must be met 35. According to Rule 400 of the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, criminal proceedings in a summary case may be instituted by all of the following methods except _____Issuing a citation to the defendantFiling a citationFiling a complaintArresting without a warrant when arrest is specifically authorized by lawAll of these methods are acceptable 36. According to the Pennsylvania Rules of Criminal Procedure, criminal proceedings may be instituted by filing a criminal complaint or arresting without a warrant, under certain conditions. An arrest without a warrant would be permissible under all of the following situations except ______:A suspect who steals candy worth $10 from a concession standA suspect who is found in possession of a marijuana pipeA suspect who dumps a small bag of trash from his vehicle on his campsite before leaving the parkA suspect who steals tools, worth $50, from an unattended park maintenance vehicleA warrantless arrest would be permissible under all of these situations 37. The One Leg Stand test has a maximum number of ___ clues.23456 38. The Walk and Turn test has a total of ___ clues.34568 39. You are administering the Walk and Turn test to a driver whom you believe to be impaired. During the test, the driver steps off the line during the first 9 steps and once again during the second 9 steps and also uses his arms for balance once during the first 9 steps and twice during the second 9 steps. You would record that the driver produced ___ distinct clues during this test.23456 40. During a traffic stop, you observe the driver's pupils to be noticeably constricted. You understand that to be an indication that the driver could be under the influence of a number of controlled substances, including any of the following except _____.HeroinOxycodoneTramadolCocaineCodeine 41. During the HGN test, you notice that the driver's eyes are tracking equally, but "jerk" while they are moving. You see no visible signs of alcohol impairment and observe no physical evidence of alcohol inside the vehicle. The PBT reading indicated no presence of alcohol. Based on these factors, you conclude that the driver might be under the influence of any of the following categories of drugs, except ______.Central Nervous System (CNS) DepressantsDissociative AnestheticsInhalantsCentral Nervous System (CNS) StimulantsAny of the listed drug categories 42. Which of the following statements regarding vertical nystagmus is NOT true:Vertical nystagmus may be present in subjects under the influence of CNS depressantsVertical nystagmus may be present in subjects under the influence of inhalantsVertical nystagmus may be present in subjects under the influence of high doses of alcoholVertical nystagmus was not validated by the research that led to the validation of the SFST battery.All of these statements are trueNone of these statements are true 43. The landmark Supreme Court case regarding HGN was _____________.O'LearyBlakePaquetteMurphyHoman 44. You conduct a traffic stop and see believe the driver may be impaired, so you decide to have him exit his vehicle and perform the SFST battery. In which order should you perform your tests?Walk and Turn, One Leg Stand, HGNOne Leg Stand, Walk and Turn, HGNHGN, One Leg Stand, Walk and TurnHGN, Walk and Turn, One Leg StandThe exact order doesn't matter as long as each test is performed correctly 45. An "illegal per se" DUI law makes it an offense to operate a vehicle _____With any detectable amount of alcohol present (i.e., commercial vehicle drivers, minors, etc.)While under the influence of alcohol/drugs to a degree that renders the operator incapable of safe drivingWhile having a statutorily prohibited blood alcohol contentWhile under the influence of alcohol/drugs to the slightest degreeNone of the above 46. During the administration of the One Leg Stand test, which part of the testing process is the MOST instructive in determining whether or not a driver is impaired?Instruction stageFirst 5-10 seconds of balance and counting stage20-30 seconds of balance and counting stage25-30 seconds of balance and counting stageThe entire balance and counting stage 47. Which of the following statements regarding protection from abuse order filings are NOT true?Officers may file criminal complaints in the county where the violation occurredOfficers may file criminal complaints in the county where the court order was issuedA plaintiff can file a private criminal complaint for violations of any non-economic provisions of a PFAPrivate criminal complaints may only be filed in the county where the violation occurredAll of these statements are true 48. Drug categories that usually will induce Lack of Convergence include all of the following EXCEPT:InhalantsCannabisDissociative anestheticsCNS depressantsCocaine 49. There are ____ parts and ____ stages of the Modified Romberg Balance Test.2 / 32 / 23 / 33 / 43 / 2 50. For Vertical Gaze Nystagmus to be recorded, it must be definite, distinct, and sustained for at least ___ seconds.24101530 51. Vehicles manufactured after 1981 have VIN's containing ____ digits.1415161718 52. Police officers may lawfully order passengers to exit vehicles in order to ensure everyone's safety. Which Pennsylvania court case resulted in this decision?Commonwealth v. ParkerCommonwealth v. JeffersonCommonwealth v. GaryCommonwealth v. MimmsCommonwealth v. Brown 53. Police officers may lawfully order drivers to exit vehicles in order to ensure everyone's safety. Which Pennsylvania court case resulted in this decision?Commonwealth v. ParkerCommonwealth v. JeffersonCommonwealth v. GaryCommonwealth v. MimmsCommonwealth v. Brown 54. Which Pennsylvania court case established that a subject's presence in a high crime area, coupled with their attempt to evade police, is enough to warrant a Terry stop, and also makes contraband discarded during flight by the suspect subject to seizure?Commonwealth v. ParkerCommonwealth v. JeffersonCommonwealth v. GaryCommonwealth v. MimmsCommonwealth v. Brown 55. Which Pennsylvania court case, which was recently overturned, established that a warrantless search of a motor vehicle is permissible when there is probable cause to do so and doesn't require any additional exigencies beyond the inherent mobility of a motor vehicle?Commonwealth v. ParkerCommonwealth v. JeffersonCommonwealth v. GaryCommonwealth v. MimmsCommonwealth v. Brown 56. The Class-A uniform is required while on duty under all of the following circumstances except:Labor DaySportsmen show/booths, farm show/boothsFormal presentations and public meetingsAn MDJ court appearance for a speeding citation you issuedNone of the above 57. Under the Pennsylvania Mental Health Procedures Act, a person may be involuntarily committed for up to ____ hours upon a finding by a physician that the person presents a clear and present danger to himself or others.24487296120 58. In order to be involuntarily committed under Section 302 the Pennsylvania Mental Health Procedures Act based on a determination of clear and present danger, a person must have inflicted or attempted to inflict serious bodily harm on another within the past ____ and there must be a reasonable probability that such conduct will be repeated.24 hours36 hours48 hours72 hours30 days 59. You conduct a traffic stop for an expired inspection sticker at 1334 hours on a Sunday afternoon. While speaking with the female operator, the lone occupant of the vehicle, you notice a handgun in the glove box when she opens it to get her insurance and vehicle registration cards. Upon further investigation, you determine that the driver is not a person not to possess, and the gun, which is loaded, is registered to her husband, who has a valid concealed carry permit issued by a PA county. The driver had a concealed carry permit issued by a PA county that expired 12 months and 5 days ago. The driver claims to be in the process of renewing her CCW permit and shows you her copy of a completed application but has not received documentation from her county sheriff indicating that it has been reissued nor has she received the actual permit. The driver has no active warrants and has a valid driver's license. The vehicle is registered to her and her insurance and registration cards are not expired. When you run the driver on your MDT, you see she has two speeding citations within the past year and a citation for an expired inspection that was issued at 1640 hours yesterday afternoon. For which offenses do you have probable cause to arrest/cite the driver?75 Pa. C.S. §470375 Pa. C.S. §4703 and 18 Pa C.S. 610618 Pa C.S. 610618 Pa C.S. 610575 Pa. C.S. §4703 and 18 Pa C.S. 6105None of the above 60. At 2330 hours on a Friday night, while on routine patrol in your park, you come upon a single vehicle motor vehicle crash, where the operator is determined to be intoxicated. That operator is subsequently transported by EMS to a hospital located in a borough on the other side of the county from your park. You wish to obtain blood results from the hospital for use in a DUI investigation. The hospital, your park, and the on-call DJ are all located in different magisterial judicial districts. How do you go about obtaining the blood results via search warrant?Contact a borough police officer where the hospital is located or PSP and have them obtain a search warrant based on information you provide and return the warrant to the issuing MDJ once the warrant has been servedObtain a search warrant from the on-call MDJ and return the warrant to the issuing MDJ after serving it on the hospital yourselfObtain a search warrant from the on-call MDJ and return the warrant to the MDJ where the search occurred (the hospital) after serving it yourself on the hospitalObtain a search warrant from the on-call MDJ and return the warrant to the MDJ where the crash occurred after serving it yourself on the hospitalContact a borough police officer where the hospital is located or PSP and have them obtain a search warrant based on information you provide and return the warrant to the MDJ where the search occurred (the hospital) after it is served 61. After completing a motor vehicle theft investigation, you obtain an arrest warrant for your suspect, who lives in Oregon, but has been staying locally with a friend. You are concerned that he may flee the state if he becomes aware of the existence of an arrest warrant, so you decide to seal your arrest warrant. Under PA law, you may seal your warrant for __ days with __ day extensions and must have the seal authorized by ____.90 days; 60 days; Court of Common Pleas judge in the county where the offense occurred90 days; 60 days; District Justice in the judicial district where the offense occurred180 days; 60 days; District Justice in the judicial district where the offense occurred30 days; 30 days; Court of Common Pleas judge in county where the offense occurred30 days; 30 days; District Justice in the judicial district where the offense occurred or an on-call District Justice60 days; 30 days; Court of Common Pleas judge, Superior Court judge, or Supreme Court judge 62. While on routine patrol in your forest district shortly after 0730 hours, you find a 17 YOA male subject sleeping in a vehicle in a state forest parking lot. You have a mere encounter with this male subject to determine if he is in need of any assistance and discover that he is an uncooperative witness to a homicide in another county, who has been served with a subpoena but has fled that county to avoid being forced to testify. You also learn from the NCIC query you ran on your MDT that a material witness warrant has been issued for him by that county. You are not sure how to handle this situation, so you immediately contact your Assistant District Forester for guidance. If your ADF follows the law, what guidance should she provide?Take the male into custody and file a criminal complaint charging him with Default in Required Appearance,Take the male into custody and file a juvenile allegation charging him with Default in Required Appearance,Take the male into custody and file a criminal complaint charging him with Default in Required Appearance and Arrest Prior to RequisitionTake the male into custody and file a juvenile allegation charging him with Default in Required Appearance and Arrest Prior to RequisitionTake the male into custody without criminal process and take before a Common Pleas Court judge in the county of arrestTake the male into custody without criminal process and take before a Common Pleas Court judge in the county of arrest warrant issuance 63. In Pennsylvania, the statute of limitations on a Section 1983 civil rights violation claim is:Add description here!1 year2 years5 years10 years20 yearsThere is no statute of limitations on Section 1983 lawsuits 64. In Tennessee v. Garner, 471 U.S. 1, 105 S.Ct. 1694, 85 L.Ed.2d 1 (1985), the court ruled that several factors should be considered to determine if an officer's use of lethal force was reasonable. Which of the following was NOT one of those factors?Whether the office has probable cause to believe that suspect poses a threat of serious physical harmWhether the suspect has committed crime involving infliction of serious physical harmWhether the officer reasonably believes deadly force is necessaryWhether the officer has given the suspect a warningNone of the aboveNone of the above except D 65. Under PA firearms laws, "open carry" is:Add description here!Permitted by §6106: Firearms not to be carried without a licenseProhibited by §6106: Firearms not to be carried without a licensePermitted by §6105: Persons not to possess, use, manufacture, control, sell or transfer firearmsProhibited by §6105: Persons not to possess, use, manufacture, control, sell or transfer firearmsUnder PA law, “open carry” is neither expressly prohibited nor expressly permitted 66. You conduct a traffic stop on a vehicle for an equipment violation and see a Glock handgun case in plain view when the driver opens the center console to retrieve his insurance card and registration card. You ask the driver if there is a handgun in the case and the driver tells you he isn't sure. You ask for consent to search, which is granted, then open the case to find an unloaded Glock 9mm handgun inside. The driver is not a person not to possess, has no concealed carry permit, but had a permit several years ago that is now expired. The driver claims he forgot the gun was in the vehicle and he is en route from his residence to his leased cabin site on state forest property, just outside your park. What is the most appropriate charge, should you decide to arrest the driver?§ 6105: Persons not to possess, use, manufacture, control, sell or transfer firearms. Subsection (a)1§ 6106: Firearms not to be carried without a license. Subsection (a)1§ 6106: Firearms not to be carried without a license. Subsection (a)2§ 6103. Crimes committed with firearmsNone of the above 67. You arrive at an intimate partner domestic violence incident in your park campground. After ensuring the scene is safe and assessing the victim's condition, you begin to conduct your lethality screen following guidelines specified in the Lethality Assessment Protocol (LAP). Which of the following questions would you NOT ask the victim as part of your lethality assessment?Add description here!Is your husband currently employed?Has your husband ever attempted to harm himself?Has your husband ever used a weapon against you or threatened you with a weapon?Do you think your husband will kill you?Does your husband have a history of abusing pets or other animals?Have you left your husband after being married or living together? 68. Ranger Smith needs to obtain cellular telephone service provider records from a cellphone company based in Kansas, without handset location information, for his suspect in a series of cabin burglaries. Which legal demand should Ranger Smith obtain?State subpoena duces tecumState court orderState search warrantFederal search warrantFederal court orderFederal subpoena duces tecum 69. A search warrant may be sealed for ____ days:714306090 70. A daytime search warrant is valid between what hours?7 AM to 5 PM8 AM to 5 PM6 AM to 10 PM6 AM to 6 PM8 AM to 11:59 PM 71. In order to "ping" a cellphone without an exigent circumstance, you must obtain a ____ based on ____, which is good for ___ daysSearch warrant, probable cause, 30Court order, probable cause, 60Search warrant, probable cause, 60Court order, reasonable suspicion, 60Court order, reasonable suspicion, 30 72. Ranger Smith needs to obtain cellular telephone service provider records from a cellphone company based in Kansas, including handset location information, for his suspect in a series of cabin burglaries. Which legal demand should Ranger Smith obtain?State subpoena duces tecumState court orderState search warrantFederal search warrantFederal court orderFederal subpoena duces tecum 73. A search warrant must be executed within ____ hours of issuance or triggering event:24487272, unless a longer duration is authorized by the issuing authorityNone of the above 74. Which of the following are valid locations regarding venue for bad check cases?Where the bad check is passedWhere the account holder residesWhere the defendant residesWhere the financial institution the bad check was drawn on is locatedWhere the financial institution of the person or business receiving the bad check is locatedAll of the aboveA, D, and E onlyA, and D only 75. Which of the following locations would NOT be likely areas to find DNA evidence on a gun?The barrelThe triggerThe hammerThe gripA and CC and D 76. Which of the following would NOT be a good place to locate latent fingerprint evidence on a gun?The smooth surface of the barrelThe gripsThe magazineThe ammunitionAll of the above would be good places to locate latent prints 77. Which of the following situations would warrant the entry of a gun into NCIC?A gun that is reported stolen and for which a serial number is knownA lost or missing weapon if the entering agency has supporting documentationA weapon turned into your park office by a hiker for which no stolen, lost, or other NCIC hits are returned when you run itA weapon confiscated from an individual who can no longer legally possess oneAll of the above except CAll of the above except DA and BA, B, C and D 78. You are dispatched to your park office, where your EES has 3 juveniles detained for attempting to steal park merchandise offered for sale. You end up citing three juveniles, ages 16, 15, and 14 for retail theft, and release them to the custody of their parents. Which, if any, of the defendants will need to be fingerprinted if they enter a guilty plea or are found guilty after a summary trial?None of themAll of themThe 16 YOA and 15 YOA juvenilesThe 16 YOA juvenile onlyAny of the 3 for which this would be a 2nd or subsequent conviction 79. You are required to ensure that all persons arrested for ______ are fingerprinted and the fingerprints are forwarded to the central repository within _____ hours of arrest.Felonies and misdemeanors \ 72Felonies and misdemeanors \ 48Felonies, misdemeanors, summaries that become misdemeanors upon 2nd or subsequent conviction \ 72 hoursFelonies, misdemeanors, summaries that become misdemeanors upon 2nd or subsequent conviction \ 48 hoursAny on-view arrest, / 72 hoursAny on-view arrest, / 48 hours 80. You are dispatched to a popular hiking trail in your park/forest district, for a report of a possibly suicidal teenager. Upon your arrival, you meet with the complainant, who advises you that her son has threatened to jump off of a rock during their hike and commit suicide. You interview the son and he confirms that he intends to harm himself and he refuses to voluntarily seek mental health treatment. What age must he be before you take him to an appropriate mental health facility involuntarily?1312109None of the above 81. Which of the following would qualify as a "secure wrapper" under the Uniform Firearms Act?The manufacturer's original box or case that the firearm was sold inA locked box, gun safe, or other secure locked storage space that is designed to prevent unauthorized use or discharge of a firearmAny bag, box, or case that is opaque, secured by buckle, zipper, latch, or snap or other mechanical means that is capable of being locked, or, during transportation in a vehicle, a lockable storage compartment within the vehicle separate from the passenger areaAll of the aboveNone of the above 82. You are dispatched to a domestic incident in your campground at 2200 hours on a Friday night. Upon your arrival, you learn that the male suspect has assaulted his wife and has fled the scene prior to your arrival. The wife has a reasonable fear that the male will find her and cause serious bodily injury. You explain to the victim that her best course of action is to obtain a _____, based on ______,Temporary restraining order; reasonable suspicion; 48 hoursTemporary PFA; probable cause; 72 hours or until the end of the next business dayEmergency PFA; good cause; until the end of the next business dayTemporary PFA; reasonable suspicion; 10 daysEmergency PFA; probable cause; 5 business daysTemporary Protection Order; probable cause, 10 days 83. What is the vehicle gross weight limit for a Class "C" driver?12,000 LBS14,000 LBS20,000 LBS26,000 LBS27,000 LBS 84. You conduct a traffic stop on a Pennsylvania-registered vehicle for not displaying an inspection sticker and learn that the vehicle was recently purchased. How long does the owner have to get the vehicle inspected following purchase?7 days10 days14 days30 days60 days 85. During a traffic stop, you are presented with an out of state driver's license. The operator claims to have only recently moved to Pennsylvania and hasn't had time to get a Pennsylvania driver's license yet. How long does the driver have to obtain a Pennsylvania driver's license after moving to Pennsylvania.15 days30 days45 days60 days90 days 86. Between what hours can someone with a junior driver's license NOT operate a vehicle?10 PM / 8 AM11 PM / 7 AM10 PM / 6 AM12 AM / 6 AM11 PM / 5 AM 87. Mechanical, electrical or electronic devices may not be used to time the rate of speed of vehicles within ___ feet after a speed limit sign indicating a decrease of speed.2505001,0001,5002,000 88. Notwithstanding the provisions of section 4302 (relating to periods for requiring lighted lamps), the operator of a motorcycle, manufactured during or after ____, upon a highway shall display the lighted head lamps and other lamps and illuminating devices required under Chapter 43 (relating to lighting equipment) at all times.19761979198219861989 89. A person driving or in charge of a motor vehicle may not permit a child under _____ years of age to remain unattended in the vehicle when the motor vehicle is out of the person's sight and under circumstances which endanger the health, safety or welfare of the child.5681012 90. An open-bed pickup truck or open flatbed truck may not be driven at a speed of more than __ miles per hour if any person is occupying the bed of the truck and may not be driven at any speed if a child less than __ years of age is occupying the bed of the truck or trailer. .25 / 1625 / 1830 / 1435 / 1635 / 18 91. No passenger-type vehicle shall be operated on any highway with a load extending ____ inches beyond the left side of the vehicle nor extending more than ___ inches beyond the right side of the vehicle.0 / 40 / 124 / 64 / 84 / 12 92. The maximum speed for a motorized pedalcycle is ___ MPH.1520253035 93. You are assigned to investigate a cabin burglary in your forest district. During the burglary, entry was made by forcing open a locked window, causing damage to the window. Alcohol, a shotgun, a satellite receiver, and a television were stolen during the burglary. The total value of all stolen property is $1,500. You conduct your investigation and ultimately arrest a suspect. Which charges would be the most appropriate to file as a result of this case?Burglary onlyBurglary and Felony 2 TheftBurglary, Criminal Mischief, Felony 2 TheftBurglary, Criminal Mischief, Felony 3 TheftBurglary, Criminal Mischief, Felony 3 Theft, Misdemeanor 1 Theft 94. According to Title 75, it is unlawful to park or stand a vehicle within ____ feet upon the approach to any flashing signal, stop sign, yield sign or traffic-control signal located at the site of a roadway15202530None of the above 95. Title 75, § 4306, Use of multiple-beam road lighting equipment, requires drivers to use the low beam of light when approaching an oncoming vehicle within ____ feet or when approaching another vehicle within ____ feet from the rear.250, 500200, 300300, 200500, 300500, 250 96. ______ registration plates and cards are issued to a vehicle acquired in the commonwealth for transportation to another jurisdiction for the purposes of titling and registering in that jurisdiction.Temporary foreignIn-transitTemporaryApportionedTemporary non-resident 97. A person who moves from the address listed on a vehicle registration has ____ days to notify PennDot of their change of address.1015306090 98. During the course of a crash investigation, you elect to cite the at-fault driver for an equipment violation on his vehicle that is in violation of Pa. Code 67, Ch 175 that was not otherwise adopted under a specific statute in Title 75. What violations would you use to cite the operator?75 Pa. C.S, §6502(b) and the particular regulation in Pa. Code 67, Chapter 17575 Pa. C.S, §4107(b) and the particular regulation in Pa. Code 67, Chapter 17575 Pa. C.S. §6103 and the particular regulation in Pa. Code 67, Chapter 17575 Pa. C.S. §4103 and the particular regulation in Pa. Code 67, Chapter 175Just the particular regulation in Pa. Code 67, Chapter 175§6502(b) or §4107(b) and the particular regulation in Pa. Code 67, Chapter 175 99. Motorists from foreign nations who are part to the United Nations convention of Road Traffic (Geneva, 1949) may legally drive in the United States with their own country's license plates on their vehicles and using their home country's driver's license for ____ as long as they are not on a work visa or intending to become a permanent United States citizen.30 days60 days90 days180 days365 days 100. A person who has been previously convicted of any of the following offenses, except ____ may not legally possess a firearm in Pennsylvania.18 Pa C.S. §2902 (relating to unlawful restraint)18 Pa C.S §6301 (relating to corruption of minors)18 Pa C.S §2709.1 (relating to stalking)18 Pa C.S § 2903 (relating to false imprisonment)18 Pa C.S §3921 (relating to theft by unlawful taking or disposition) upon conviction of the second felony offense 101. According to the FBI UCR program guidelines, the "Hierarchy Rule" requires officers to report only the most serious offense, except when one of the offenses being reported is _____, which should always be reported, in addition to the highest ranking index crime.RapeCriminal HomicideKidnappingAssaultArson 102. You and your partner are on foot patrol on a trail on state forest property when you encounter three hikers, each of whom is carrying a concealed a handgun. While your partner engages the hikers in a conversation, you run them through NCIC. During this mere encounter with these hikers, you determine the following: 1) Subject A has a valid concealed carry permit issued in Fulton County, PA and has two prior convictions for DUI and one prior conviction for Simple Assault, each of which occurred in the last four years. He also has an active warrant for Possession of Drug Paraphernalia.2) Subject B has a valid concealed carry permit issued by Franklin County, PA. He was adjudicated delinquent when he was 17 years of age for Arson, Criminal Mischief, and Institutional Vandalism, and has two prior adult convictions for Possession of a Small Amount of Marijuana and one adult conviction for Simple Assault. He has had no arrests in the past five years and has no active warrants.3) Subject C has a valid concealed carry permit issued in West Virginia and has two previous convictions of DUI and one previous conviction of Corruption of Minors in the last three years. He also was adjudicated delinquent for a DUI when he was 16 years old. He has no active warrants. You briefly discuss the situation with your partner to determine if you have any possible violations of § 6105. Persons not to possess, use, manufacture, control, sell or transfer firearms. and you jointly determine that you should take which of the following actions, specifically regarding violations of § 6105. Persons not to possess, use, manufacture, control, sell or transfer firearms, and without regard to any other possible violations of the law:Arrest all 3 subjectsArrest none of the subjects, as there are no violationsArrest Subjects A & B, but not CArrest Subjects A & C, but not BArrest Subjects B & C, but not AArrest Subject A onlyArrest Subject B onlyArrest Subject C only 103. What part of the Pennsylvania Constitution governs search and seizure?Article II, Section 1Article III, Section 2Article I, Section 8Article II, Section 4Article XI, Amendment 4 104. The Pennsylvania Protection from Abuse Act defines abuse as the occurrence of one of more of the followings acts, EXCEPT:Causing or attempting to cause bodily injury or sexual assaultPlacing another in reasonable fear of imminent bodily injuryFalse imprisonmentStalkingAbuse of minor children 105. Which of the following offenses would not be considered to be an "Index Crime" offense under the UCR program guidelines?ArsonBurglaryKidnappingRobberyLarceny-Theft 106. The leading case on use of force is the 1989 Supreme Court decision in ________. Terry v. OhioIllinois v. GatesMapp v. OhioChimel v. CaliforniaGraham v. Connor 107. Naloxone is classified as a(n):Opioid derivativeSynthetic depressantOpioid antagonistSynthetic opioidNone of the above 108. In the event of an accidental opioid exposure involving skin contact, you should:Wash the contaminated area with waterWash the contaminated area with soap and waterUse a hand sanitizer immediately and wash your hands laterUse a hand sanitizer and wash your hands with soap and water immediatelyBrush off the contaminated area, then sanitize with hand sanitizer, then wash with cold water 109. You are dispatched and respond to an armed robbery, where three juveniles, ages 14, 15, and 16, pulled knives on three juvenile victims, and stole their cellphones. You subsequently locate the three suspects, recover the stolen property, obtain complete confessions from each of the suspects, and, after conferring with your park manager, are advised to charge all three suspects with Robbery, Conspiracy, Simple Assault, and Theft By Unlawful Taking. How are you going to institute criminal charges against your suspects?File juvenile petitions against all three suspectsDirect file against all three suspectsDirect file against the 16 YOA offender & juvenile petition against the other twoDirect file against the 15 YOA and 16 YOA offenders and juvenile petition against the 14 YOA suspectFile juvenile petitions against all 3 suspects unless one or more of them have a prior felony conviction 110. You are dispatched and respond to a strong arm robbery, where three juveniles, ages 14, 15, and 16, physically attacked another juvenile, causing serious bodily injury, and stole the victim's bike. You subsequently locate the three suspect, recover the stolen property, obtain a complete confession, and, after conferring with your park manager, are advised to charge all three suspects with Robbery, Conspiracy, Simple Assault, and Theft By Unlawful Taking. The 14 YOA suspect has prior adjudications for drug delivery, burglary, indecent assault, robbery, and rape. The 15 YOA suspect has one prior adjudication for involuntary deviate sexual intercourse. The 16 YOA suspect has prior adjudications for burglary, indecent assault, aggravated assault, statutory sexual assault, and arson. How are you going to institute criminal charges against your suspects?File juvenile petitions against all three suspectsDirect file against all three suspectsDirect file against the 16 YOA offender & juvenile petition against the other twoDirect file against the 15 YOA offender and juvenile petition against the other twoDirect file against the 14 YOA offender and juvenile petition against the other twoDirect file against the 15 YOA and 16 YOA offenders and juvenile petition against the 14 YOA suspect 111. While you are on routine patrol in your forest district, you are advised by county dispatch that they were just contacted by an out of state agency who received a 10 minute hit on a wanted person entered by your agency. Is there any significance in the "10 minute" part of their message and if so what is it?Yes. It signifies that the warrant is for a felony offense, so you must respond within 10 minutes.Yes. It signifies that the warrant is for a misdemeanor offense, so you must respond within 10 minutes.No. It is a courtesy request only, made by the inquiring agency, so as not to prolong their detention of the subject and keep their officer out of service any longer than necessary..Yes. It signifies that they have already held the person for 10 minutes or longer and released him/her prior to getting the NCIC hit, which is known as a delayed hit.Yes. It means there is no reason to detain the suspect other than for your warrant. 112. While you are on routine patrol in your forest district, you are advised by county dispatch that they were just contacted by an out of state agency who received an NCIC hit on a wanted person entered by your agency. You are advised that it is a "routine" hit. What does that mean?The person is not actually in custody, but was run through NCIC by a law enforcement agency as part of an investigation..The subject has multiple warrants entered from multiple agencies, at least one of which is a higher graded offense than yours.The extradition conditions do not permit the subject to be extradited from the jurisdiction that made the NCIC query.The agency conducting the query has local charges on the subject.The subject has a common name, such as John Smith, and is not actually believed to be the same subject named on your warrant. 113. During a traffic stop, you run the operator through county dispatch and they advise you that the operator is wanted by an out of state agency. Which of the following should you do, once you confirm that the subject you have detained is in fact the wanted person?Advise county dispatch to send a hit confirmation, then confirm extradition guidelines, then send a locate message.Advise county dispatch to send a locate message, then confirm extradition guidelines, then send a hit confirmation.Advise county dispatch to send a locate message, then, once the warrant has been located by the entering agency, confirm extradition guidelines, then send a hit confirmation.Confirm extradition guidelines, advise county dispatch to send hit confirmation, and then send a locate message.Advise county dispatch to send a hit confirmation, then send a locate message, then confirm extradition guidelines.Confirm extradition guidelines, advise county to send a locate message, then send hit confirmation once subject is in custody 114. You can use the fax machine in the ranger office to send/receive information governed by CHRIA under which of the following situations:Both the sending and receiving agencies have an ORIBoth the sending and receiving fax machines are monitored during the transmissionA follow-up phone call is made to the receiving agency to confirm their receipt.Both fax machines are encrypted.All of the above.All of the above except CAll of the above except D 115. You are conversing with county dispatch on a non-encrypted radio channel and are attempting to identify a subject that you have detained who has no identification on his person. Which of the following data may you NOT transmit over the radio?The suspect's criminal history, to the extent it is needed to ID the suspect.The suspect's FBI numberThe suspect's SSNThe suspect's SIDThe suspect's DOC inmate numberAll of the above 116. As it relates to NCIC and applicable statutes, the timely entry of missing person files means that persons 21 YOA or older must be entered ______ and juveniles must be entered ______.Within 48 hours / within 24 hoursWithin 24 hours / within 12 hoursWithin 48 hours / within 8 hoursWithin 24 hours / within 2 hoursWithin 2 hours / within 2 hours 117. You take a report of a smash and grab where a handgun was stolen from a vehicle parked in a day use area at your park. Once you enter the gun into NCIC, how long will it remain in NCIC?10 yearsremainder of year reported plus 10 years25 years50 yearsNone of the above 118. You are dispatched to the marina in your park for a boat theft. After obtaining information on the stolen boat, you enter the boat into NCIC. How long will the stolen boat remain in NCIC?Until cancelledRemainder of current year plus 10 yearsRemainder of current year plus 5 yearsRemainder of current year plus 4 yearsNone of the above 119. Which of the following is NOT one of the criteria for the activation of the Pennsylvania Amber Alert System?The abduction must involved a child under the age of 18There must be a reason to believe the child is in imminent danger of serious bodily injury or deathThe abduction must not involve a parent or a child custody disputeThe Pennsylvania State Police must evaluate your case to determine if an Amber Alert is warranted or not and the alert can only be issued with PSP approvalAll of the above criteria must be met prior to activation 120. You effect a custodial arrest for a felony assault at your park and take your defendant to a booking center for processing. A booking officer then processes your defendant on a Livescan machine. What returns should you expect to see as a result of this processing?CLEANNCICCCHRI / IIIPFAAll of the above 121. If you use a manual fingerprint processing system in lieu of a Livescan system, how long do you have to submit the defendant's fingerprints to the central repository?24 hours48 hours72 hours14 days30 days 122. Criminal justice agencies must submit records of dispositions occurring within their agencies to the central repository within _____ of the disposition date.30 days60 days90 days180 daysThere is no requirement for the arresting agency to submit dispositions to the central repository since clerks of court make such reports on their behalf. 123. Following a custodial arrest, where a defendant was processed at a booking facility on a Livescan machine, you discover a typographical error on the criminal complaint that you filed on the case. This incorrect information consisted of an incorrect DOB and the last two digits of the defendant's SSN being transposed. Once you discover this error, you are required to ______ and ______.withdraw the original complaint / file a new complaint with the appropriate district justiceimmediately notify the prosecuting Commonwealth attorney / amend the original complaint prior to the preliminary hearingimmediately notify the prosecuting Commonwealth attorney / amend the original complaint on the record during the preliminary hearingcorrect agency records / notify all recipients of incorrect data within 15 daysobtain fingerprint order from district justice to have defendant reprocessed / withdraw original complaint and refile corrected complaintnotify booking center within 72 hours of discovery & have them modify Livescan demographic information / amend complaint anytime prior to formal arraignment 124. The NIBIN program compares images of which type of evidence?BloodDNAFingerprintBallisticCellphone Records 125. What organization is the primary credentialing organization for crime labs in the United States?North American Crime Laboratory Association (NACLA)Commission on Crime Laboratory Accreditation (CCLA)American Crime Laboratory Accreditation Society (ACLAS)American Society of Crime Laboratory Directors (ASCLD)Association of North American Crime Lab Scientists (ANACLS) 126. In order to be admissible in a Pennsylvania court, scientific evidence must meet which of the following standards?DaubertNational Institute of Standards & Technology (NIST)Pennsylvania State PoliceFryeMerrell 127. What should be used to photograph latent prints at a crime scene?Flash and markerRuler and markerTripod and cable releaseMicrolens with oblique adapterMacrolens with oblique adapter 128. Crime scene photographs should be taken in the following order:Specific objects, specific area, general areaSpecific area, general area, specific objectsGeneral area, specific area, specific objectsGeneral objects, specific objects, specific areaGeneral objects, specific area, specific objects 129. The photographic technique in which a crime scene is photographed clockwise, with the first picture showing a specific object on one side of the photograph and the next picture showing the same object on the opposite side of the photograph is calledObject-balanced photographyCross-projection photographyOverlappingTransmedial photographyObject-weighted photography 130. Crime scene sketches should be drawn _____Only by qualified and appropriated trained crime scene personnelOnly when photographs are not an optionAfter taking photographs and before anything is movedOnly by the 1st arriving officerOnly when perishable evidence is involved 131. Moist or wet biological evidence (blood, bodily fluids, plants, etc.) from a crime scene should be stored in which of the following containers:Plastic evidence bagPaper evidence bagArson canPlastic evidence tube with biohazard labelPlastic evidence bag with biohazard label 132. Which crime scene plotting method establishes a straight line from one fixed point to another fixed point from which all measurements are taken?BaselineRectangular CoordinateTriangulationCross-projectionLateral projection 133. At an outdoor homicide crime scene, there are various ways to divide the area of concern to provide for a thorough, systematic search. The most common of these is:Spoke & wheel patternSpiral circle patternZone or grid methodsLinear methodParallel search pattern 134. Showing the relationship between evidence on the walls and floors of a room, by flattening out the walls on the sketch, allowing the viewer to look straight down onto the sketch, is best done using which of the following methods?Compass-pointPoint-projectionCross-projectionRectangular-coordinationLateral triangulation 135. You are dispatched to a non-active cabin burglary. Upon your arrival, you do a walk through with the cabin owner, who shows you a rock with what appears to be dried blood on it lying on the floor, just below a broken window. The rock is approximately the size of a softball and the hole in the broken window is slightly larger than that. You theorize that the suspect may have cut himself while breaking glass out of the window and decide to submit the suspected blood to the lab for DNA analysis. Which of the following would be the preferred method of submitting the blood to the lab?Using a new razor blade or other sharp clean object, scrape the dried blood into plastic evidence bag and then place the sealed plastic bag into an evidence envelopeUsing a new razor blade or other sharp clean object, scrape the dried blood into a small paper evidence envelope and then place the small sealed envelope into a paper evidence bagUsing saline, Ringer's Solution, or other non-blood volume expanding agent, moisten the dried blood, collect with cotton swab, seal in paper evidence envelopeUsing distilled water, moisten the dried blood, collect with cotton swab, seal in paper evidence envelopeSecure the blood in place using evidence tape, wrap rock in clean paper, secure rock in evidence bag and submit to labWrap rock in clean paper, secure in evidence bag and submit to lab 136. You are dispatched to a burglar alarm at a cabin in your forest district. Upon your arrival, you and your partner find a broken window and an unsecured front door at the cabin. After clearing the building, you wait for the arrival of the owner and do a walk through with the cabin owner. While doing your walk through with the owner, the owner reports several items are missing from the cabin. You also find a bloody glove lying on the floor, just below a broken window. The owner advises you that he has never seen that glove before. You theorize that the suspect may have cut himself while breaking glass out of the window and decide to submit the suspected blood to the lab for DNA analysis. Which of the following would be the preferred method of submitting the wet bloody glove to the lab?Put the glove in a paper evidence bag, place in a secure area for air drying within 12 hours of collection, transport to lab within 48 hours of collectionPut the glove in a paper evidence bag, place in a secure area for air drying within 8 hours of collection, transport to lab within 10 days of collection datePut the glove in a paper evidence bag, place in a secure area for air drying within 4 hours of collection, transport to lab within 72 hours of collectionPut the glove in a paper evidence bag, place in a secure area for air drying within 2 hours of collection, transport to lab within 48 hours of collectionWrap the glove in clean paper, secure in a paper evidence bag, place in a secure area for air drying within 24 hours of collection, dry for a minimum of 48 hours, transport to lab within 5 days of collection date 137. You are on routine patrol in your forest district when you stop a pickup truck for an equipment violation. During the stop, you observe several live marijuana plants in plain view inside the vehicle. The driver is arrested for PWI and the plants are seized. What is the best way to handle this drug evidence?Weigh plants individually, including entire root system, submit to lab in paper evidence bagWeigh plants collectively, including entire root system, submit to lab in paper evidence bagWeigh plants individually, after removing entire root system, submit to lab in paper evidence bagWeigh plants collectively, after removing entire root system, submit to lab in paper evidence bagAir dry all live plants in secure area, then submit to lab in paper bags once completely dryRemove sample leaves, submit only sample leaves to the lab in paper bag 138. You are dispatched to a hit and run incident in your park. Upon your arrival, you learn that a vehicle was driving in a reckless manner and struck an unoccupied park maintenance vehicle and then fled the scene. Several minutes later, you find a vehicle matching the suspect vehicle description abandoned in another part of your park. After completing an unsuccessful search of the area for the operator, you decide to impound the vehicle. Upon closer inspection, you see signs of fresh damage on the suspect vehicle in the same area that made contact with the park vehicle. You obtain a search warrant to search the vehicle and obtain paint samples, which you hope will match paint transfer onto the park vehicle. Which of the following should you NOT do:Lift the paint using clear tapeLift the paint using colored tapeScrape off every layer of paint, down to the metalStore collected paint samples in a plastic evidence bagA and BAll of the aboveNone of the above 139. During the course of an automobile accident investigation, it is sometimes important to determine whether or not a headlamp, tail lamp, turn signal lamp, or brake lamp was illuminated at the time of the crash. Which of the following is NOT true, regarding the lab analysis of automobile lamps:This determination can based on the permanent distortion of the lamp filament caused by the jolt of the collision while the filament was hot or coldThis determination can based on the oxidation of the lamp filament when the glass bulb of the lamp in question is broken during the collisionIt is not possible to determine the on/off status of any LED lampsIt is not possible to determine the on/off status of Xenon High Intensity Discharge headlampsAll of the aboveNone of the aboveA and D only 140. Which of the following is NOT a factor in determining headlamp filament reaction during a motor vehicle collision?Filament sizeFilament ageSeverity of the impactAmbient air temperatureFilament temperatureAll of the above 141. You are assigned to investigate a scattering rubbish incident in your forest district. During the course of your investigation, you learn there are no eyewitnesses to the illegal dumping, no identifying information in the dumped garbage, and no surveillance cameras deployed in the area where the incident occurred. However, as you are examining the scene, you do observe what appear to be fresh tire tracks where the garbage was dumped. You know from your basic crime scene photography experience and training that in order to properly document the tire tracks, your photos should be taken on a plane that is _________ to the impression, using _______ lighting, and you should include a scale placed ________.perpendicular, overhead, on the same plane as the impressionperpendicular, side, on the same plane as the impressionperpendicular, overhead, on the opposite plane as the impressionparallel, overhead, on a plane that is perpendicular the impressionparallel, side, on the same plane as the impressionNone of the above 142. A common casting material used in crime scene processing is ________, except in ________, where a ________ casting material would be preferred.silicone, sand, polyurethanesilicone, dirt, cementcement, sand, siliconedental stone, snow, sulfurpolyurethane, dirt, liquid sodium silicateliquid sodium silicate, mud, aluminum nitrate powder 143. You are processing a burglary crime scene at a cabin in your park. Which of the following items would you NOT attempt to process using the conventional fingerprint powder in your crime scene processing kit?A piece of paper found on the floor and believed to have been dropped during the burglaryA wet, bloody fingerprint found on a broken piece of glass near the suspected point of entryAn empty Styrofoam cup the owner doesn't recognizeA kitchen chair made of unfinished wood that was knocked over during the burglaryNone of the above 144. When a firearm is discharged, several elements associated with gunshot residuemay deposit on the hand(s) of the person firing the gun. By measuring the concentrations and distributions of these elements on an individual’s hands, as well as identifying characteristic gunshot residue particles that are present, a crime lab can attempt to determine if the subject could have fired a gun or been in close proximity to a firearm when it was discharged. Which of the following is NOT one of those elements?Ammonium nitrateBariumAntimonyLeadNone of the above 145. You recover a revolver from a lake at your park. You notice that the gun has a partially obliterated serial number and wish to submit it to the local crime lab for analysis. Which of the following would be the best manner of packaging the gun for submission to the lab?Rapidly dry the gun using a hair dryer or fan and package in a cardboard box once dryAir dry the gun and package in cardboard box when dryAir dry the gun and immediately treat with rust preventer when dry and then submit to lab in a cardboard boxSubmit the gun in a secure plastic container filled with lake waterSubmit the gun in a secure plastic container filled with distilled water 146. Fingerprints can exist in several forms. While investigating a burglary, you discover a partially consumed Hershey's chocolate bar that was apparently dropped by your suspect on the floor of the victim's kitchen. You can see fingerprint impressions in the chocolate of the bar. Your document the recovery of this evidence by classifying fingerprints found on the chocolate bar as _______ fingerprints.Latent PrintsPatent PrintsPlastic PrintsCasting PrintsIndentation Prints 147. Fingerprints can exist in several forms. While investigating a stabbing, you recover a bloody knife at the crime scene that has fingerprints visible within the blood on the handle. Your document the recovery of this evidence by classifying fingerprints found in the blood as _______ fingerprints.Latent PrintsPatent PrintsPlastic PrintsCasting PrintsImpression Prints 148. Physical evidence, whose origin isn't questioned, such as fibers or hair from a suspect, that can be compared to crime scene evidence is known as:Personal evidenceIdentification evidenceStandard/reference sampleComparison sampleComparison evidence 149. You are called to your park maintenance building for an EMS assist call. Upon your arrival you are met by your park manager who directs you to a park employee with burn injuries to both hands that are black in color, who was burned after accidentally igniting a flammable liquid. The patient advises that he feels no pain in either hand. You recognize this burn as a ____ burn and treat it by _____ while awaiting the arrival of EMS.1st degree / cooling it with cold water2nd degree / cooling it with ice3rd degree / cooling it with ice4th degree / wrapping burned area with sterile gauze3rd degree / cooling it with cold water 150. While driving past a playground in your park campground you hear a mother cry out that her six-month-old child, who was given some marbles by an older child, is gagging. His mouth area is turning blue and he’s unable to take a breath or cry out. What would you do first in this scenario?Begin CPRAttempt rescue breaths to check airwayDeliver back blows followed by chest thrustsConduct finger sweepChest compressions 151. While performing CPR on an infant, another rescuer appears on the scene, what do you do next?Immediately transport the patientWait until exhausted, then switchHave the second rescuer help with CPR, to minimize fatigueHave the second rescuer begin ventilations; ratio 30:2Have the second rescuer begin rescue breathing; ratio 30:2 152. How long should you check for breathing while performing CPR?2 seconds4 seconds5 secondsNo longer than 10 seconds4 seconds initially and 2 seconds between each round of CPR 153. What would your next step be after you are performing single-person CPR and the AED (Automatic External Defibrillator) advises a shock and the shock is delivered?Resume chest compressions immediatelyCheck for a pulseCheck for breathingResume ventilation immediatelyNone of the above 154. You are driving through your campground when you are flagged down by a frantic mother who advised you that her three-year-old son wasn't feeling well and laid down for a nap in their tent. After checking on the child, the mother noticed he was not breathing and was blue in color. EMS has not yet been notified and you have no radio or cellphone coverage in this part of your park. What would be the best step to take?Do a finger sweep to see if the child might be choking on a foreign objectAdminister a series of back blows, followed by chest compressionsSend a bystander to notify EMS and then deliver CPR for two minutesImmediately begin CPR and deliver CPR for two minutes before attempting to notify EMSConnect an AED and allow the AED to analyze the rhythm before beginning CPR 155. Adult AED pads can be used on children at what age?812141617 156. What is the first step in caring for a wound with significant bleeding?Add bulky dressings to reinforce blood-soaked bandages.Apply direct pressure with a sterile or clean dressing.Apply a tourniquetApply pressure at a pressure point.Elevate the wound above the heart if possible 157. How should you care for someone with minor frostbite on the fingers?Get the person to a warm environment and then rewarm his or her hands using skin-to-skin contact.Have the person shake his or her hands vigorously until feeling is restored.Immerse his or her hands in hot water.Immerse his or her hands in warm water.Massage his or her hands vigorously. 158. In stroke recognition, FAST stands for:Face, arm, speech and time.Feet, airway, speech, and temperature.Fever, anxiety, stress and taste.Flexibility, asthma and sudden tightness in the chest.Facial droop, altered level of consciousness, sudden numbness, temporary paralysis 159. The general care for a muscle, bone or joint injury includes the following:Reduce, Insulate, Compress and EvaluateRest, Ibuprofen, Cool and EvacuateRest, Immobilize, Cold and ElevateReduce, Isolate, Elevate, CoolNone of the above 160. You arrive on the scene of a car accident and are led to a patient who has just vomited and now appears to be coughing up blood. He is breathing very quickly and his pulse is weak and fast. What is most likely wrong?He has suffered a traumatic head injuryHe is having a diabetic emergency.He is having a heart attack.He has internal bleeding.Any of the above could cause those conditions 161. You are dispatched to a cabin where a cabin owner has cut his arm with a saw. You have tried to control a victim's bleeding with direct pressure and elevation, but the bleeding doesn't stop. Where would you apply pressure to slow the flow of blood to a wound on the forearm?On the inside of the elbow.Inside the arm between the shoulder and the elbow.Outside the arm midway between the shoulder and the elbow.On the outside of the elbowAny of the above will slow the flow of blood. 162. On an infant, where would you check the pulse?Inside the wrist just above the hand.On the inside of the leg, just above the ankleOn the neck to the right or left side of the windpipe.Inside the arm between the elbow and shoulder.On the top of the foot, just above the toes 163. A person, who is unconscious, not breathing, has a weak pulse, needs which of the following?Back blows and chest thrustsCPRHiemlick maneuverRescue breathingB and D 164. You are dispatched to a popular hiking trail in your forest district to assist with a land rescue involving a hiker. Based on your patient assessment, you suspect a femur or thigh fracture. What action should you take to treat that type of injury?Place a short padded splint on each side of the thigh that is fracturedBind both legs together using short splints and cravats, above and below the fracture, but above the kneeBind both legs with two long splints using cravats, above and one below the kneeThis type of fracture is best handled by a traction splint applied by those with special trainingPlace a long padded splint on each side of the leg that is fractured, above and below the knee 165. Which of these symptoms is NOT characteristic of a shock victim?Rapid breath and pulseAnxiety/restlessnessPale lips and skinDizziness and faintingAll of the above are typical shock victim characteristics 166. Signs and symptoms of severe hypothermia areshivering and stumblingno shivering, inability to walka mumbling, fumbling personlethargy and apathybright red skin 167. Itchy skin, watery eyes, runny nose, puffy eyelids, hives and/or welts on the skin are signs or symptoms of:exposure to poison ivy or poison oakan allergic reactioncarbon monoxide exposureupper respiratory infectionAny of the above could cause these conditions 168. Recommended treatments for pit viper bites include:using approved medical suction devices to withdraw venomapplying cold packs or ice to prevent venom absorptionusing a tourniquet to isolate the venom in the affected extremityimmediate transport to a hospital where antivenom is availableall of the above 169. Open chest wounds should be covered with:a non-occlusive dressing taped on all four sidesan occlusive dressing taped on three sidesan occlusive dressing taped on all four sidesa non-occlusive dressing taped on three sidesa non-occlusive dressing taped on all four sides or an occlusive dressing taped on only 3 sides 170. For adult CPR, you deliver chest compressions at a rate of________ with a depth of _________.60-100/min, 2 inches100/min, 1 1/2 inches100/min, 2 inches80/min, 1 1/2 inches80-100/min, 3 inches 171. You are called to your park pool for a water rescue. Upon your arrival, lifeguards have the patient out of water and are about to begin CPR. You are advised that the patient dove head first into the shallow end of the pool and may have neck/head/spinal injuries. You are asked to help open the patient's airway. What is the best method of doing so?Thumb & index liftHead tilt-chin liftE-C clamp techniqueManual inline cervical traction liftJaw-thrust techinque 172. A victim is in cardiac arrest and you go to place the AED pads on the victim's chest. You notice that the victim is wearing a Nitroglycerin medication patch where you would place an AED pad. What of the statements is NOT true?The patch may cause a burn to the skin.The patch may block transfer of energy delivered.It is okay to place an AED pad on top of a medication patch.The area must be cleaned and the patch removed before attaching the AED pad.None of the above are true statements Time is Up!